Dyslexia

If you have not already done so, it may be helpful to read through Special Educational Needs before reading this page.

Information on this page is derived from 'The British Dyslexia Association'

Definition

Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling.


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Characteristics

Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in:

  • Phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed.

  • Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.

  • It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and there are no clear cut-off points.

  • Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.

  • A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexic difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-founded intervention. - ( Source - Rose Review , Identifying and teaching children and young people with dyslexia and literacy difficulties - 2009)

For more information please visit: The British Dyslexia Association

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Diagnosis

Local Education Authority (LEA)
You could request that an educational psychologist at the LEA does a formal assessment. If the school is unwilling to refer your child, you can apply for this yourself direct

Private
Private assessment can done either by a suitably qualified teacher or a Chartered Educational Psychologist specialising in Specific Learning Difficulties: Education Psychologists Directory

For more information please visit: 'The British Dyslexia Association'


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Support

Once the school has established an Individual Education Plan, you should expect to have regular meetings with the school (perhaps once a term) to monitor progress. If all goes well, your child should now receive appropriate help and support.

If, however, the Individual Education Plan is not working or, for some reason, is not properly implemented, it may be necessary to get a full assessment by an educational psychologist, or a suitably qualified teacher.

For more information please visit: 'The British Dyslexia Association'


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Funding

Dyslexia assessments are not funded by the NHS. Dyslexia is not normally part of medical training, so a GP would very rarely be able to help.

If a mainstream school cannot provide all the help your child needs, and you are unable to get an assessment through your Local Authority you can book a private assessment with an Educational Psychologist. A private assessment may cost between £350-500.


Below are a few options you can try to raise funds for a dyslexia assessment:

For more information please visit: The British Dyslexia Association


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Useful Contacts

UK Schools schoolswebdirectory.co.uk
Local Educational Authorities LEAs
Dyslexia Action dyslexiaaction.org.uk
Being Dyslexic beingdyslexic.co.uk
Educational Psychologists Contacts Directory
Private Tutors Contacts Directory
Assistive Technology Trainers Contacts Directory

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